The overall aim of this study is to explore the meaning of compassion from the perspectives of health care professionals (clinical staff, non-clinical staff, and support staff in patient and non-patient facing areas) to understand what compassion means to them and how compassion is expressed in practice.
Project Team: Dr Emily Groves (University of South Wales), Dr Richard May, (University of South Wales), Rachel Rees (The Behaviour Clinic), Prof Jennifer Austin (University of South Wales)
This study was invited to published in a special issue of Psychology in the Schools that focused on single-subject research designs in school settings.
Project Staff: Prof Jennifer Austin (University of South Wales); Dr Adithyan Rajaram (University of Maryland Baltimore County), Dr Holly Gover (The Ivymount School), Dr Anthony Cammilleri (FTF Behavioral Consulting), Dr David Donelly (Webster University), Prof Gregory Hanley (Western New England University)
In this paper, we delineate some of the barriers to discussing and investigating trauma in applied behaviour analysis (ABA) and describe how the core commitments of trauma-informed care could be applied to behaviour analysis. We then provide some examples of how trauma-informed care might be incorporated into ABA practice.
We undertook the first systematic meta-analytic review examining the link between childhood maltreatment and suicide attempts in prisoners.
Given the high rates of prison suicide deaths and suicide attempts, our findings suggest an urgent need for targeted suicide prevention priorities for prisoners, with a particular focus on ameliorating the effects of childhood traumatic experiences on suicidal prisoners.
Project staff: Dr Emily Groves, Professor Jennifer Austin
The study investigated the effects of known and unknown criteria in a Welsh Year 4 (ages 8–9) classroom. Participants included three students who engaged in disruptive behaviour (target students) and three who typically did not (nontarget peers). Findings indicated that both known and unknown criterion games were effective at reducing target students’ disruptions to within the range of their nontarget peers, but neither game was more effective than the other. Teachers reported that they preferred playing the GBG with an unknown criterion; however, the students’ preferences were mixed.
Hale, G. E., Colquhoun, L., Lancastle, D. Lewis, N., & Tyson, P.J. (2021). Review: Physical activity interventions for the mental health and well-being of adolescents – a systematic review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health Volume 26, No. 4, 2021, pp.357-368.
Hale, G., Colquhoun, L., Lancastle, D., Lewis, N., Tyson, P.J. (in press). Physical Activity Interventions for the Mental Health of Children: A Systematic Review. Child Care, Health & Development.
External Partner: Huntleigh Healthcare, UK
The aim of this project was to determine how effective home use of automated compression devices are at reducing limb volume, restoring skin biomechanics and improving quality of life.
In 2014 Professor Carolyn Wallace developed the concept of family resilience for public health nurses (health visitors) working in Wales and leads the FRAIT (Family Resilience Assessment Instrument and Tool) team at USW.
The FRAIT comprises of the FRAIT (Family Resilience Assessment Instrument) and the FRAT (Family Resilience Assessment Tool), both of which form an evidenced based assessment for health visitors in their daily practice.
Its purpose is to assist health visitors in decision making, care planning and planning for further interventions and resources. It is used by all health visitors in Wales to comply with the Welsh Government (2016) Healthy Child Wales Programme.
To deliver this programme of research Professor Wallace works with Professor David Pontin (USW), Michelle Thomas (USW), Georgina Jones (SBUHB), Jane O’Kane (CTMUHB) and Liz Wilson (HDUHB).
This study, published in Psychological Medicine, found that up to 68% of prisoners had previously experienced some form of childhood abuse or neglect, whereas 23% reported engaging in suicide attempts.
Our findings suggest that early screening for experiences of childhood maltreatment in prisons may assist towards the prevention of suicidal behaviours in this highly vulnerable group.
Lancastle, D., Hill, J., Faulkner, S., & Cousins, A. (in press). “The stress can be unbearable, but the good times are like finding gold”: A Phase 1 modelling survey to inform the development of a self-help positive reappraisal coping intervention (PRCI) for caregivers of those with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Submitted to PLOS ONE
Project staff: Gareth Parsons; Dr Juping Yu; Dr Deborah Lancastle; Dr Emma Tonkin
Project team: Sarah Way, Masters by Research; Dr Mark Davies; Prof Carolyn Wallace
External Partner: Re-Live